Tuesday, 7 June 2011

Year 10: What is Multiple Deprivation?

This post is aimed at Year 10 students at Bethany School.

We have come a long way in assessing how quality of life varies in Maidstone. However our fieldwork data gives us a very restricted view of quality of life in 5 sites. To grasp the bigger picture of how quality of life varies across an entire town we will use Digital Worlds GIS software to examine a dataset called ‘Multiple Deprivation”.

This begs the question, “What is Deprivation?” Deprivation is another word for ‘poverty’. If an area has lots of poverty it could be described as having a low quality of life. What then is 'Multiple Deprivation'? Every three years the government processes the latest data on 7 types of deprivation including income, unemployment, health and crime. These are all rolled into one overall measure of deprivation called the Index of Multiple Deprivation, or IMD for short.

In the IMD all the tiny census areas are put into rank order where 1 is the most deprived and 32,482 is the least deprived. We are going to use the GIS to map these patterns.

You can read the Guardian's useful article on multiple deprivation here.